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Archive for the 'Norwegian Holidays' Category

Arbeidernes dag: Celebrating Labor Day in Norway

In Norway, Labor Day is an important holiday for workers and is often marked by demonstrations for more employees’ rights. In this article, you’ll learn much more about how Norway observes Labor Day, what major event happened on this day in 1980, and some useful vocabulary.

Let’s get started.

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1. What is Labor Day?

Let’s begin with a little Labor Day history. In 1947, Labor Day became an official fridag (“holiday” ) in Norway, though it was really celebrated since 1890. One of the most significant events in the history of this holiday was the Haymarket Affair in 1886 in the United States, during which people protested for an eight-hour workday. Over time, more requests and ideals have been put forth, and today, Norwegians still seek greater equality and solidarity.

This is a special day for workers to take the day off and hvile (“rest” ). For many people, this day is also an opportunity to put on demonstrations for better employees’ rights and greater frihet (“liberty” ) for workers. Of course, like the rest of the world, on Labor Day, Norway seeks to honor workers and celebrate the gains the working class has achieved over the years.

    → For some useful words, study our vocabulary list on Jobs / Work.

2. When is Labor Day in Norway?

A Man Relaxing on the Couch

Each year, Norwegians celebrate Labor Day on May 1. This is the same date that the rest of the world celebrates, with the exception of the United States, which celebrates on the first Monday of September.

3. Norwegian Labor Day Traditions

A Man Resting in Nature After a Hike

In Norway, Labor Day is still a time for people to demonstrere (“demonstrate” ) for rights, though it’s also a day of celebration for those rights already gained. If you happen to be in Norway during Labor Day, you may hear people giving speeches or see them marching in parades with music. Another common Labor Day event is concerts, during which people listen to music, sing, dance, and even watch plays.

Some people simply opt to stay at home and remain fri (“disengaged” ) from the activities outside. They may spend time with family and friends, chill out by themselves in front of the TV, or even go on a walk in nature.

Sometimes, people are lucky enough to have a full Labor Day weekend, depending on when May 1 is that year. In this case, there’s even more time for rest!

    → NorwegianClass101.com has a list of the Top 10 Weekend Activities. Check it out to see what Norwegians might do during their time off.

4. Blitz Movement

What do you think happened on Labor Day in 1980?

On the night of May 1, 1980, many young people went ballistic, and this resulted in radical youth occupying buildings in cities such as Tromsø and Oslo. This was the beginning of something called the Blitz movement. The Blitz movement is a group of people, called the Blitzers, who are left-wing radicals.

5. Must-Know Vocabulary for Labor Day in Norway

Someone Speaking into a Megaphone

Ready to review some of the vocabulary words from this article? Here’s a list of the most important words and phrases for Labor Day in Norway!

  • Hvile — “Rest” [v.]
  • Arbeider — “Worker” [n. masc]
  • Jobbe — “Work” [v.]
  • Fridag — “Holiday” [n. masc]
  • Arbeidernes dag — “Labor Day” [n. masc]
  • Demonstrasjon — “Demonstration” [n. masc]
  • Demonstrere — “Demonstrate” [v.]
  • Tale — “Speech” [n. masc]
  • Frihet — “Liberty” [n. masc]
  • Fri — “Disengaged” [adj.]

To hear the pronunciation of each word, and to read them alongside relevant images, be sure to check out our Norwegian Labor Day vocabulary list!

Final Thoughts

We hope you enjoyed learning about International Labor Day in Norway with us, and that you took away some valuable information.

How do Labor Day traditions in Norway compare to traditions in your country? Let us know how you celebrate Labor Day in the comments section!

If you’re interested in learning more about Norwegian culture and the language, check out the following pages on NorwegianClass101.com:

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Happy Labor Day! 🙂

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Karneval: Celebrating the Carnival Holiday in Norway

Celebrating the Carnival Holiday in Norway

The Carnival holiday is a major Christian celebration in many cultures around the world. In this article, you’ll learn some Carnival holiday facts and gain some knowledge into how Norwegians, in particular, celebrate this holiday.

Are you ready? Let’s get started.

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1. What is the Carnival Holiday?

Celebrated by Chrisitan communities around the world, Carnival (sometimes called Shrovetide) is a religious holiday that precedes the Lenten fasting period. This holiday is known for an array of celebrations and traditions, all of which tend to center on the idea of fun, indulgence, and the reversing of social order.

In the past, people relied on stored and preserved food throughout the winter months, meaning that there was little food available once the season ended. It was crucial that any highly perishable food still left over, such as butter and meat, was eaten promptly before the start of spring. To survive the final days of winter, people would finish off all of the remaining food stores, ensuring that everyone had enough sustenance to keep them going until spring.

Over time, this season became the Carnival holiday. Instead of simply eating richer foods to survive the winter, people now indulge themselves in preparation for Lent. This holiday combines elements of Christianity and folktales passed on from the medieval ages.

2. Carnival Dates

Colorful Carnival Mask and Jewelry

Carnival takes place on the final Sunday before Lent each year. For your convenience, here’s a list of this holiday’s date for the next ten years.

  • 2020: February 23
  • 2021: February 14
  • 2022: February 27
  • 2023: February 19
  • 2024: February 11
  • 2025: March 2
  • 2026: February 15
  • 2027: February 7
  • 2028: February 27
  • 2029: February 11

3. Celebrating Karneval in Norway

Child Getting Her Face Painted

Carnival celebrations and traditions vary slightly from culture to culture, but they all share a few common threads. For example, no matter where you are, Carnival celebrations will involve eating some kind of rich food and taking part in holiday Carnival games or activities.

Norwegian holiday traditions for Karneval include dressing up in costumes and attending balls (the most famous of which is the Oslo opernball, or “Oslo operaball“). These balls are similar to masquerades, with many people wearing masks. Children like to dress up and receive candy from people, which is why some people consider Karneval to be the Nordic version of Halloween. Decorated fastelavnsris (“birch” branches) are another common element of the Norway Carnival season, often seen during or after balls.

Another favorite celebration is that of the Fastelavnsbolle, or “Shrovetide bun,” the most popular of Carnival holiday foods. This is a delicious, soft bun that’s filled with either whipped cream or almond paste. Sometimes, Carnival is also called Bun Sunday for this reason. In addition to the Shrovetide buns, other popular Norwegian holiday foods include waffles, pancakes, and an array of other sweet treats.

4. The Birch Tree

Do you know why the bjørk, or “birch tree,” is such a significant aspect of Carnival in Norway?

The birch tree, in folklore, is considered a symbol of many things associated with spring: new beginnings, beauty, adaptability, and fertility. In particular, this tree is often associated with goddesses of love and fertility.

5. Must-Know Vocabulary for Carnival

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Ready to review some of the vocabulary words from this article? Here’s the essential Norwegian vocabulary for Carnival!

  • Kostyme — “Costume”
  • Fastelavn — “Shrovetide”
  • Karneval — “Carnival”
  • Oslo opernball — “Oslo operaball”
  • Fjær — “Feather”
  • Fastelavnsbolle — “Shrovetide bun”
  • Kle seg ut — “Dress up”
  • Ansiktsmaling — “Facepaint”
  • Bjørk — “Birch tree”
  • Fastelavnsris — “Birch”

To hear the pronunciation of each word, and to read each one alongside relevant images, check out our Norwegian Carnival vocabulary list!

Final Thoughts

We hope you enjoyed learning about Karneval with us. Do you celebrate this holiday in your country? Let us know in the comments!

If you’re interested in learning more about Norway’s unique culture or Norwegian holidays, check out the following pages on NorwegianClass101.com:

Whatever your reasons for developing an interest in Norwegian culture or the language, know that NorwegianClass101.com is the best way to expand your knowledge and improve your skills. With tons of fun lessons for beginners, intermediate learners, and more advanced students, there’s something for everyone!

Create your free lifetime account today, and start learning Norwegian like never before.

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Morsdag: Celebrating Mother’s Day in Norway

Each year for its national Mother’s Day, Norway is abuzz with advertisements for the perfect Mother’s Day gifts and services. While overly commercial these days, celebrating Mother’s Day in Norway has become a huge occasion, and children—young and grown—are sure to honor their mothers with gifts and other expressions of gratitude.

In this article, you’ll learn how Mother’s Day is celebrated in Norway as well as how this holiday got started here.

Are you ready? Let’s go!

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1. What is Mother’s Day in Norway?

Like Mother’s Day in the rest of the world, this holiday in Norway is a special day dedicated to honoring one’s mother and showing her appreciation. Because mothers do so much for their children and make so many personal sacrifices, people make sure to express their deepest gratitude and respect on this day. This often takes the form of gift-giving or general pampering!

Young children aren’t the only ones to participate in Mother’s Day. Adult children may visit their mothers, give them a call, or send them a letter of gratitude. A gift of chocolate (sjokolade) or a gift certificate (gavekort) are always welcome!

Mother’s Day is also the perfect opportunity for husbands to spoil their wives, and for other men to show the women in their lives how much they mean to them.

2. Mother’s Day Date

Norwegian Mother’s Day is on a Sunday

Norwegians celebrate and honor their mothers each year on the second Sunday (søndag) of February. For your convenience, here’s a list of this holiday’s date for the next ten years.

  • 2020: February 9
  • 2021: February 14
  • 2022: February 13
  • 2023: February 12
  • 2024: February 11
  • 2025: February 9
  • 2026: February 8
  • 2027: February 14
  • 2028: February 13
  • 2029: February 11

3. Norwegian Mother’s Day Traditions

Husband and Children Giving a Mother Gifts on Mother’s Day

Unfortunately, no special traditions are related to the celebration of Mother’s Day, but it is common to mark it.

Mother’s Day, like Valentine’s Day, has become a very commercial holiday. Several stores promote the day with gifts, cakes, and flowers for Mother’s Day, and it’s clear that the holiday has become ingrained in Norwegian society. Several weeks before the day itself, commercial posters are posted in the stores, and several TV and radio stations advertise gift-giving for Mother’s Day.

Even though it is “commercialized,” people still appreciate this day. The most common way to celebrate is to treat moms and give them a little extra attention, often in the form of gifts and flowers. In elementary schools, teachers help children in Norway celebrate Mother’s Day by giving them an hour or two to make cards and gifts for their mothers.

In Norway, the most common thing is to wake up your mom and surprise her with breakfast in bed, or frokost på sengen. Norwegian mothers often receive a breakfast of tasty bread rolls and freshly brewed coffee, and the breakfast is sometimes accompanied by a gift and flowers.

4. Origins of Mother’s Day in Norway

In 1919, two women—Dorothea Schjoldager and Karen Platou—worked to get Mother’s Day celebrated on a Sunday in February. Why Mother’s Day is celebrated in February instead of in May, like it is in many other countries, is probably because Norway already has a lot of holidays in May.

The first Mother’s Day celebration was in Bergen on February 9, 1919. Back then, the day was celebrated in a Methodist Church. Historically, Mother’s Day was held by religious organizations, but in more recent years, the day has become a family day.

5. Essential Mother’s Day Vocabulary

Little Girl Holding a Card that Says “I Love You Mommy”

Are you ready to study some of the Norwegian vocabulary words and phrases from this article? Here’s a list of the most important Mother’s Day vocabulary words!

  • Søndag — “Sunday”
  • Sønn — “Son”
  • Datter — “Daughter”
  • Mor — “Mother”
  • Sjokolade — “Chocolate”
  • Middag — “Dinner
  • Rose — “Rose”
  • Elske — “Love”
  • Gave — “Present”
  • Gratulasjonskort — “Greeting card”
  • Morsdag — “Mother’s Day”
  • Feire — “Celebrate”
  • Gavekort — “Gift certificate”
  • Frokost på sengen — “Breakfast in bed”

To hear the pronunciation of each word or phrase, and to read them alongside relevant images, be sure to check out our Norwegian Mother’s Day vocabulary list!

Final Thoughts

We hope you enjoyed learning about Norwegian Mother’s Day with us! As you can see, this is a popular holiday in Norway nowadays, and the country celebrates mothers on a large scale.

What do Mother’s Day celebrations look like in your country? Let us know in the comments, and read how your fellow Norwegian learners celebrate!

If you’re interested in learning more about Norwegian holidays and culture, you may find the following pages useful:

Whatever your reasons for developing an interest in Norwegian culture or the language, know that NorwegianClass101.com is the best place to broaden your knowledge and improve your language skills! With tons of lessons for beginners, intermediate learners, and more advanced students, there’s something for everyone.

What are you waiting for? Create your free lifetime account today and start learning Norwegian like never before.

Lykkelig Morsdag! (“Happy Mother’s Day!” in Norwegian) 😀

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Summer Solstice Celebration: Midsummer Day in Norway

Around the time of the summer solstice, Norway begins its celebration of Midsummer. With the weather warm and the days long, there couldn’t be a better time to enjoy the Midsummer festival Norway puts on each year. On Midsummer, Norway’s traditions have lost much of their original meaning and significance, but Norwegians still find Midsummer Day a time of fun and merriment.

In learning about Midsummer’s Eve traditions in Norway, you’re opening your eyes to some unique facets of the country’s culture. And as any successful language-learner can attest to, understanding a country’s culture is essential in mastering its language.

At NorwegianClass101.com, we aim to make this learning journey both fun and informative!

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1. What is Midsummer Day?

On Midsummer Day, Norway remembers the birth of John the Baptist and celebrates midsummer or the summer solstice. Midsummer’s Eve can also be called jonsok, which originates from Norse and means “vigil for Jon.”

A long time ago, people believed that witches and other supernatural elements were abnormally strong on Midsummer’s Eve, since the sun turns that day. People gathered herbs and made a bonfire to keep the witches away. This was the origin of the Midsummer’s Eve bonfire.

Even if St. John’s Eve as a folk tradition isn’t so strong anymore, Norwegians still appreciate this summer holiday.

2. When is Midsummer?

Month of June

Norway celebrates Midsummer (and the birth of John the Baptist) each year on June 23.

3. Reading Practice: Midsummer’s Eve Traditions

A Bonfire

How do Norwegians celebrate Midsummer today? On Midsummer night, Norway is known for its record-breaking bonfires, but that’s not all. Learn more about this Midsummer holiday Norway so enjoy by reading the Norwegian text below. You can find the English translation directly below it.

De aller fleste nordmenn starter feiringen av Sankthansaften på ettermiddagen. Venner og familie samles for å spise og drikke sammen, og det vanligste er å grille. Etter dette leker barn og voksne , eller bare slapper av med prating. Dagen etter Sankthansaften er ikke lenger en fridag, så det finnes en del nordmenn som nå lar være å feire sankthansaften.

Etter man har spist og kost seg i flere timer, drar alle sammen og ser på at Sankthansbålet blir tent. Langs Norges kystlinje kan man se bål et etter et og mennesker som samles rundt de store bålene. Å se på Sankthansbålet brenne i skumringen er noe nordmenn synes er ekstra fint. Noen steder, som i nord, er det også en tradisjon å gå opp i fjellene istedet for å se på bål.

På sankthansaften i Norge er det ikke bare bål som blir satt fyr på, men også båter. På sørlandet, i Flekkefjord, er det vanlig å sette fyr på en gammel båt som er fylt med brennbare materialer. Denne tradisjonen startet på 1800-tallet, da ungdom fant en gammel bål, fylte den opp, tente på og så dro de denne båten med seg omkring i gatene. Grunnet brannfare blir denne båten nå ankret på sjøen og tent på der.

Most Norwegians will start the celebration in the afternoon. Friends and family gather to eat and drink together, and the most common activity is to barbecue. After this, the children and adults will play or relax and chat. The day after Midsummer’s Eve is no longer a holiday, so some Norwegians refrain from celebrating St. John’s Eve.

After eating and having fun for hours, everyone goes together to watch the lighting of St John’s bonfires. Along Norway’s coastline, you can see one bonfire after another and people gathering around the big bonfires. Looking at a bonfire burn in the dusk is something Norwegians really like. In certain places, it is also tradition to go up into the mountains instead of enjoying bonfires.

Midsummer’s Eve in Norway doesn’t only see bonfires set on fire, but also boats. In the southern part of Norway, in Flekkefjord, it is common to set an old boat filled with burning materials on fire. This tradition started in the 1800s when kids found an old boat, filled it up, lit a fire, and pulled the boat through the streets. Because of the fire hazard, boats are now anchored in the ocean and set alight there.

4. Tallest Bonfire in Norway

When it comes to the Midsummer bonfire, Norway isn’t just playing around. How tall do you think the biggest bonfire has been in Norway to date?

The tallest bonfire in Norway was in 2016, measuring 47.4 meters (about 155.5 feet). This bonfire currently holds the world record, and is called Slinningsbålet, referring to the tallest bonfire. Because of the fire hazard and pollution, many places in Norway prohibit St. John’s Eve bonfires.

5. Useful Vocabulary for Midsummer in Norway

Wreath of Flowers

Here’s the most important vocabulary you should know for the Midsummer holiday in Norway!

  • Sommer — “Summer”
  • Juni — “June”
  • Grille — “Grill”
  • Midtsommer — “Midsummer”
  • Solverv — “Solstice”
  • Bål — “Bonfire”
  • Ild — “Fire”
  • Midnattsol — “Midnight sun
  • Kyst — “Coast”
  • Selskap — “Company”
  • Jorbær — “Strawberry”
  • Blomsterkrans — “Flower wreath”

To hear each of these vocabulary words pronounced, visit our Norwegian Midsummer Day vocabulary list. Here, each word is accompanied by an audio file of its pronunciation.

Conclusion

What do you think of Norway’s Midsummer celebrations? Does your country also celebrate Midsummer Day, and if so, are traditions there similar or very different? Let us know in the comments; we always love hearing from you!

To continue learning about Norwegian culture and the language, visit us at NorwegianClass101.com! We provide effective, practical learning tools for every learner so that anyone can master Norwegian. Read more insightful blog posts like this one, spruce up your Norwegian vocabulary, and chat with fellow Norwegian learners on our community forums. You can also upgrade to Premium Plus to begin using our MyTeacher program, where you can learn Norwegian with your own personal teacher!

Learning Norwegian is no easy goal to achieve, but your determination and good work will begin reaping rewards before you know it! And NorwegianClass101.com will be here with you on each step of your journey to language mastery.

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How to Celebrate Norwegian Independence Day

Norwegian Independence Day is the most important holiday in the country. It holds such significance to Norwegians, in fact, that celebrations aren’t limited to Norway (such as the celebration of Norwegian Constitution Day in Ballard, Seattle in the United States). Norwegian Constitution Day commemorates the date that Norway gained independence through the finally accepted Norway Constitution.

In learning about this holiday, you’re gaining insight into Norway’s long history and rich culture. Cultural knowledge is vital to learning any language, and at NorwegianClass101.com, we hope to make this learning expedition both fun and informative! Learn how to say “Happy Constitution Day” in Norwegian and more with us!

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1. What is Constitution Day in Norway?

An important day for every Norwegian, the Norway Constitution Day is really a day where one can see the entire nation gathered. The Norwegians call Constitution Day their national day.

Norwegian Independence Day is held in commemoration of when the Norway Constitution was accepted in 1814. It became a day of celebration, and Norwegians started to hold parades to celebrate their independence day. From 1870 on, the first children’s parades started and this is a tradition that remains today.

2. When is the Norwegian Independence Day?

Flag of Norway

Each year, Norwegians celebrate Constitution Day on May 17, the day that their Constitution was finalized and their country’s independence gained.

3. Reading Practice: Norwegian Constitution Day Celebrations

Ice Cream Drizzled with Syrup

Read the Norwegian text below to learn about Norwegian Constitution Day traditions. You’ll find the English translation directly below it.

De aller fleste nordmenn starter 17.mai dagen tidlig. Man står opp og tar på seg fine klær. Mange folk bruker også Norges tradisjonelle folkedrakt, kalt bunad. Deretter drar alle barn til den plassen hvor barnetoget skal starte, og foreldre og familie står langs gatene for å se på toget som går forbi. Alle barna synger norske sanger, roper hurra-rop og vifter med det norske flagget.

Etter at 17.mai-toget er over, hører de fleste på 17.mai tale, for å deretter dra på en feiring som blir arrangert av den lokale skolen. På disse feiringene synger barna sanger, leker, har sekkeløp og potetløp. Om en familie ikke har små barn, grilles det ofte med familie og venner i hagen.

Det er ingen regler for hva man skal spise på Nasjonaldagen, men de aller fleste nordmenn forbinder mat på 17.mai med pølser, is og brus.

Most Norwegians start the May 17 Day early. You get up and put on nice clothes. Many use the Norwegian traditional suit, called Bunad. After this, all the children go to the place where the parade will start, and the parents and family stand along the streets to watch the parade that goes by. All the children sing Norwegian songs, shout “Hooray,” and wave the Norwegian flag.

After the May 17 parade is over, most people will listen to the May 17 speech, and then go to a celebration that is arranged by the local school. During these events, the kids will sing songs, play, and have sack races and potato races. If a family does not have small children, there will often be a barbecue with family and friends in the yard.

There are no rules for what one should eat on the national holiday, but most Norwegians associate May 17 with hot dogs, ice cream, and soda.

4. Royal Palace (Oslo) & The Royal Family

What do you think the Royal Family does on May 17?

On May 17, the King, Queen, and the rest of the Royal Family stands on the Royal Palace in Oslo’s balcony and waves to the Norwegian people. The children’s parade in Oslo stops in front of the Castle, and many Norwegian children look forward to catching a glimpse of the Royal Family.

5. Useful Vocabulary for Norwegian Independence Day

Band Playing Music

Here’s some vocabulary you should know for Constitution Day in Norway!

  • Iskrem — “Ice cream”
  • Synge — “Sing”
  • Sang — “Song”
  • Grunnlovsdagen — “Constitution Day”
  • Skolekorps — “School band”
  • Det Konglige Slott — “Royal Palace, Oslo”
  • Dronning — “Queen”
  • Parade — “Parade”
  • Nasjonaldag — “National day”
  • Musikkorps — “Music band”
  • Konge — “King”
  • Pølse — “Hotdog”
  • Flaggdag — “Flag day”
  • Kronprins — “Crown Prince”
  • Janitsjarkorps — “Concert band”
  • Slott — “Castle”
  • Bunad — “Bunad”
  • Nasjonalsang — “Anthem”

To hear each of these vocabulary words pronounced, check out our Norwegian Constitution Day vocabulary list. Here, you’ll find each word accompanied by an audio file of its pronunciation.

Conclusion

The Norwegian Independence Day is a holiday that the country’s people as a whole can celebrate together, and they do! What do you think of the Norwegian Constitution Day traditions we discussed? Does your country have a Constitution Day? Let us know in the comments!

To learn more about Norwegian culture and the language, visit us at NorwegianClass101.com. Here, you’ll find insightful blog posts on a variety of topics, fun podcasts to learn on the go, and free vocabulary lists to expand your word bank! You can also discuss lessons with fellow Norwegian learners on our forums and take advantage of our MyTeacher program with a Premium Plus account. At NorwegianClass101.com, there’s something for every learner and every learner can master the Norwegian language with enough effort and determination!

Until next time, Lykkelig Grunnlov Dag (“Happy Constitution Day” ) in Norway! Enjoy some Norwegian Constitution Day food for us. 😉

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Norwegian Sami Culture: What is Sami National Day in Norway?

The Sami people are Norway’s “indigenous people,” or in Norwegian, urbefolkning. The Sami are not only found in Norway, but also in Sweden, Finland, and Russia. The Sami are thereby a minority of four different countries and at one point in history were strongly looked down upon.

However, today in Norway, Sami people are rather celebrated throughout the country. This change makes Sami National Day one of the most important Norwegian holidays to learn about in order to delve into its history, culture, and values. That includes its newfound appreciation for its indigenous people.

Our goal here at NorwegianClass101.com is to help you master not only the Norwegian language, but the country and its people as a whole.

That said, let’s continue forward to learn about what Sami National Day really is.

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1. What is Norwegian Sami National Day?

Also called Samenes nasjonaldag, Sami National Day is essentially a day devoted to the Sami people, recognizing and appreciating them.

The Sami national holiday is a relatively new day of celebration, only having been adopted in Norway in 1992. Historically, up until the 60s, the Sami people were looked down upon and many laws were implemented trying to force the Sami to integrate more with the general population of Norway. For instance, one such law restricted the use of Sami, the language of the Sami people.

Nowadays, however, the Sami National Day is celebrated all over the country, especially in schools. The Sami flag is raised, the national anthem is sung, and food such as “reindeer meat” (reinsdyrkjøtt) and “fish” (fisk) is made to celebrate.

2. When is it?

Scroll and Ink Quill

Each year, the Sami people celebrate their national day on February 6. This is the day in 1917 that their “congress” (kongress) met in “fellowship” (samvær) for the first time.

3. Reading Practice: How is it Celebrated?

Furs Drying by Fire

How do the Sami and the rest of Norway celebrate Sami National Day? Find out by reading the following information in Norwegian (you’ll find the English translation below it):

Samenes nasjonaldag blir feiret overalt i landet, særlig på skoler. Sameflagget heises, nasjonalsangen synges og mat laget av reinsdyrkjøtt eller fisk spises. Samene har også på seg nasjonaldrakten sin. I byen Tromsø har de reinkappkjør, der reinsdyr trekker folk etter seg på ski.

Det er ikke bare på skoler samedagen blir feiret. Ordføreren inviterer samer i Oslo-området til heising av flagget og frokost på rådhuset på samenes nasjonaldag. Rikshospitalet i Oslo markerer også Samenes nasjonal dag. Det arrangeres også samisk uke så syke barn med samisk bakgrunn kan få delta.

Sameflagget er kanskje det viktigste symbolet for nasjonaldagen. Den røde delen av sirkelen på flagget symboliserer sola, og den blå delen månen. Inspirasjonen for denne sirkelen er hentet fra et samisk dikt der samene blir omtalt som solas sønn og datter.

——–

The Sami National Day is celebrated all over the country, especially in schools. The Sami flag is raised, the national anthem is sung, and food such as “reindeer meat,” or reinsdyrkjøtt, and “fish,” or fisk, is made to celebrate. Most Sami also make sure to wear their traditional clothing on this day. In the city of Tromsø, they host reindeer races, where “reindeer,” or reinsdyr, pull people on skis.

It isn’t only in schools that the Sami national holiday is celebrated. In Oslo, the Mayor invites the Sami to raise the flag and to breakfast at the Town Hall on this day. The State University Hospital in Oslo also celebrates the Sami national holiday. They arrange a Sami week where sick children with a Sami background can participate.

The Sami flag is probably the most important “symbol,” or symbol, for the national day. The Sami flag is red on half of the flag, and blue on the rest. In the middle, there’s a green stripe and a yellow stripe from top to bottom. The circle on the middle is blue on the red part of the flag, and red on the blue side. The red part of the circle represents the sun and the blue the moon. The inspiration for the circle stems from a Sami poem where the Sami are described as the sons and daughters of the sun.

4. Additional Information

In Norway there are approximately 50,000 Sami today. The Sami people are one population in four different countries, with a total population estimated at 70,000. However, even though there are still a lot of Sami today, only a third actually speak the Sami language and even fewer can write it.

5. Must-know Vocab

Reindeer Pulling Skis in Snow

There’s some vocabulary you’ll need to know in order to fully understand this holiday. Take a look at our list below to help you better appreciate Sami National Day.

  • historie — “history”
  • flagg — “flag”
  • same — “Sami”
  • urbefolkning — “indigenous people”
  • Sameland — “Lapland”
  • reinsdyr — “reindeer”
  • tradisjon — “tradition”
  • rettighet — “right”
  • diskriminere — “discriminate”
  • moderne — “modern”
  • samvær — “fellowship”
  • kongress — “congress”

To hear the pronunciation of each word, be sure to visit our Norwegian Sami National Day vocabulary list. Here you’ll find each word accompanied by an audio of its pronunciation.

Conclusion

Now you know more about who the Sami people are as well as their place in Norwegian culture. What do you think about the Sami National Day? Let us know in the comments!

Interested in learning even more about Norwegian culture? Be sure to visit us at NorwegianClass101.com. We offer an array of useful blog posts, vocabulary lists on various topics, and even an online community where you can discuss what you’re learning with other Norwegian learners! And don’t forget to download our MyTeacher app to take full advantage of having your own personal Norwegian teacher for a one-on-one learning experience.

We hope you learned lots in this article, and that you’ll apply your Norwegian culture knowledge to your language studies. You’ll master the Norwegian language and nuances before you know it! Best of luck in your language studies!

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How to Say Happy New Year in Norwegian & New Year Wishes

Learn all the Norwegian New Year wishes online, in your own time, on any device! Join NorwegianClass101 for a special Norwegian New Year celebration!

How to Say Happy New Year in Norwegian

Can you relate to the year passing something like this: “January, February, March – December!”? Many people do! Quantum physics teaches us that time is relative, and few experiences illustrate this principle as perfectly as when we reach the end of a year. To most of us, it feels like the old one has passed in the blink of an eye, while the new year lies ahead like a very long journey! However, New Year is also a time to celebrate beginnings, and to say goodbye to what has passed. This is true in every culture, no matter when New Year is celebrated.

So, how do you say Happy New Year in Norwegian? Let a native teach you! At NorwegianClass101, you will learn how to correctly greet your friends over New Year, and wish them well with these Norwegian New Year wishes!

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Table of Contents

  1. How to Celebrate New Year in Norway
  2. Must-Know Norwegian Words & Phrases for the New Year!
  3. Top 10 New Year’s Resolutions in Norwegian
  4. Inspirational New Year Quotes
  5. Inspirational Language Learning Quotes
  6. How To Say Happy New Year in 31 Languages
  7. How NorwegianClass101 Can Help You Learn Norwegian

But let’s start with some vocabulary for Norwegian New Year celebrations, very handy for conversations.

1. How to Celebrate New Year in Norway

Like many other western countries, Norway celebrates the new year on New Year’s Day, December 31. Norwegian people typically gather with friends and eat good food, drink sparkling wine or champagne, and have a party, which is fest in Norwegian, all night long. In this lesson you’ll learn how Norwegians celebrate New Year’s.

Now, before we get into more detail, do you know the answer to this question –

Do you know what type of accident is most common on New Year’s Eve?

If you don’t already know, you’ll find out a bit later. Keep reading.

In Norway, people celebrate New Year’s among friends. The party normally takes place in someone’s home, and everyone participates in the cooking, which in Norwegian is matlaging. Each person normally brings at least one dish: either a side dish, main course, or a dessert. The most common thing to eat for dinner on New Year’s Eve is reindeer, or reinsdyr, but turkey and moose steak are also popular choices. There are lots of toasts, which in Norwegian is skål, throughout the night, and sometimes a “thank you” speech is given summarizing the events of the year.

Another important speech held on New Year’s Eve is the King’s Speech. At 7:30 pm, most Norwegians turn on their TVs or radios to listen to the King’s speech about the year that was. The King speaks live from the The Royal Palace, broadcasting out to all the Norwegian people. Though some may mistakenly assume this speech to be pompous, this couldn’t be further from the truth. The King’s speeches are typically rather down to earth, which is why they are so special and appreciated by the Norwegian people.

As midnight approaches, people usually go to the nearest park or hilltop to watch the fyrverkeri, or fireworks, that are set off when the clock strikes 12:00. A lot of people bring their own fireworks, as it is legally permitted for anyone to set them off. At 12:00 they are all launched, and the dark night is filled with light. Everyone hugs each other and wishes each other a happy new year, and if you are lucky, you may even get a kiss, or kyss.

Now it’s time to answer our quiz question-

Do you know what type of accident is most common on New Year’s Eve?

The most prevalent accidents on New Year’s Eve are fireworks accidents. Every year, ERs across the country receive patients who have been hit by fireworks in the head or in the eyes. Be sure to watch out for stray fireworks if you’re in Norway on New Year’s Eve!

Happy New Year!
Godt Nyttår!

2. Must-Know Norwegian Words & Phrases for the New Year!

Norwegian Words & Phrases for the New Year

1- Year

år

This is pretty self-explanatory. Most countries follow a Gregorian calendar, which has approximately 365 days in a year, while in some cultures, other year designations are also honored. Therefore, New Year’s day in Norway could fall on a different day than in your country. When do you celebrate New Year?

2- Midnight

midnatt

The point in time when a day ends and a new one starts. Many New Year celebrants prefer to stay awake till midnight, and greet the new annum as it breaks with fanfare and fireworks!

3- New Year’s Day

nyttårsdag

In most countries, the new year is celebrated for one whole day. On the Gregorian calendar, this falls on January 1st. On this day, different cultures engage in festive activities, like parties, parades, big meals with families and many more.

You can do it!

4- Party

fest

A party is most people’s favorite way to end the old year, and charge festively into the new one! We celebrate all we accomplished in the old year, and joyfully anticipate what lies ahead.

5- Dancing

dansing

Usually, when the clock strikes midnight and the New Year officially begins, people break out in dance! It is a jolly way to express a celebratory mood with good expectations for the year ahead. Also, perhaps, that the old year with its problems has finally passed! Dance parties are also a popular way to spend New Year’s Eve in many places.

6- Champagne

sjampanje

Originating in France, champagne is a bubbly, alcoholic drink that is often used to toast something or someone during celebrations.

7- Fireworks

fyrverkeri

These are explosives that cause spectacular effects when ignited. They are popular for announcing the start of the new year with loud noises and colorful displays! In some countries, fireworks are set off to scare away evil spirits. In others, the use of fireworks is forbidden in urban areas due to their harmful effect on pets. Most animals’ hearing is much more sensitive than humans’, so this noisy display can be very frightful and traumatising to them.

Happy Near Year!

8- Countdown

nedtelling

This countdown refers to New Year celebrants counting the seconds, usually backward, till midnight, when New Year starts – a great group activity that doesn’t scare animals, and involves a lot of joyful shouting when the clock strikes midnight!

9- New Year’s Holiday

Nyttårsferie

In many countries, New Year’s Day is a public holiday – to recuperate from the party the previous night, perhaps! Families also like to meet on this day to enjoy a meal and spend time together.

10- Confetti

konfetti

In most Western countries, confetti is traditionally associated with weddings, but often it is used as a party decoration. Some prefer to throw it in the air at the strike of midnight on New Year’s Eve.

11- New Year’s Eve

Nyttårsaften

This is the evening before New Year breaks at midnight! Often, friends and family meet for a party or meal the evening before, sometimes engaging in year-end rituals. How are you planning to give your New Year greetings in 2018?

12- Toast

skål

A toast is a type of group-salutation that involves raising your glass to drink with others in honor of something or someone. A toast to the new year is definitely in order!

13- Resolution

forsett

Those goals or intentions you hope to, but seldom keep in the new year! Many people consider the start of a new year to be the opportune time for making changes or plans. Resolutions are those intentions to change, or the plans. It’s best to keep your resolutions realistic so as not to disappoint yourself!

14- Parade

parade

New Year celebrations are a huge deal in some countries! Parades are held in the streets, often to celebratory music, with colorful costumes and lots of dancing. Parades are like marches, only less formal and way more fun. At NorwegianClass101, you can engage in forums with natives who can tell you what Norwegian New Year celebrations are like!

3. Top 10 New Year’s Resolutions

New Year’s Resolutions List

So, you learned the Norwegian word for ‘resolution’. Fabulous! Resolutions are those goals and intentions that we hope to manifest in the year that lies ahead. The beginning of a new year serves as a good marker in time to formalise these. Some like to do it in writing, others only hold these resolutions in their hearts. Here are our Top 10 New Year’s resolutions at NorwegianClass101 – what are yours?

Learn these phrases and impress your Norwegian friends with your vocabulary.

New Year's Resolutions

1- Read more

lese mer

Reading is a fantastic skill that everyone can benefit from. You’re a business person? Apparently, successful business men and women read up to 60 books a year. This probably excludes fiction, so better scan your library or Amazon for the top business reads if you plan to follow in the footsteps of the successful! Otherwise, why not make it your resolution to read more Norwegian in the new year? You will be surprised by how much this will improve your Norwegian language skills!

2- Spend more time with family

tilbringe mer tid med familien

Former US President George Bush’s wife, Barbara Bush, was quoted as having said this: “At the end of your life, you will never regret not having passed one more test, not winning one more verdict, or not closing one more deal. You will regret time not spent with a husband, a friend, a child, a parent.” This is very true! Relationships are often what gives life meaning, so this is a worthy resolution for any year.

3- Lose weight

gå ned i vekt

Hands up, how many of you made this new year’s resolution last year too…?! This is a notoriously difficult goal to keep, as it takes a lot of self discipline not to eat unhealthily. Good luck with this one, and avoid unhealthy fad diets!

4- Save money

spare penger

Another common and difficult resolution! However, no one has ever been sorry when they saved towards reaching a goal. Make it your resolution to save money to upgrade your subscription to NorwegianClass101’s Premium PLUS option in the new year – it will be money well spent!

5- Quit smoking

slutte å røyke

This is a resolution that you should definitely keep, or your body could punish you severely later! Smoking is a harmful habit with many hazardous effects on your health. Do everything in your power to make this resolution come true in the new year, as your health is your most precious asset.

6- Learn something new

lære noe nytt

Science has proven that learning new skills can help keep brain diseases such as dementia and Alzheimer’s at bay! It can even slow down the progression of the disease. So, keep your brain healthy by learning to speak a new language, studying towards a qualification, learning how to sew, or how to play chess – no matter how old you are, the possibilities are infinite!

7- Drink less

drikke mindre alkohol

This is another health resolution that is good to heed any time of the year. Excessive drinking is associated with many diseases, and its effect can be very detrimental to good relationships too. Alcohol is a poison and harmful for the body in large quantities!

8- Exercise regularly

trene regelmessig

This resolution goes hand-in-hand with ‘Lose weight’! An inactive body is an unhealthy and often overweight one, so give this resolution priority in the new year.

9- Eat healthy

spise sunt

If you stick with this resolution, you will lose weight and feel better in general. It is a very worthy goal to have!

10- Study Norwegian with NorwegianClass101

studere norsk med NorwegianClass101.com

Of course! You can only benefit from learning Norwegian, especially with us! Learning how to speak Norwegian can keep your brain healthy, it can widen your circle of friends, and improve your chances to land a dream job anywhere in the world. NorwegianClass101 makes it easy and enjoyable for you to stick to this resolution.

4. Inspirational New Year Quotes

Inspirational Quotes

Everyone knows that it is sometimes very hard to stick to resolutions, and not only over New Year. The reasons for this vary from person to person, but all of us need inspiration every now and then! A good way to remain motivated is to keep inspirational quotes near as reminders that it’s up to us to reach our goals.

Click here for quotes that will also work well in a card for a special Norwegian new year greeting!

Make decorative notes of these in Norwegian, and keep them close! Perhaps you could stick them above your bathroom mirror, or on your study’s wall. This way you not only get to read Norwegian incidentally, but also remain inspired to reach your goals! Imagine feeling like giving up on a goal, but reading this quote when you go to the bathroom: “It does not matter how slowly you go, as long as you do not stop.” What a positive affirmation!

5. Inspirational Language Learning Quotes

Language Learning Quotes

Still undecided whether you should enroll with NorwegianClass101 to learn a new language? There’s no time like the present to decide! Let the following Language Learning Quotes inspire you with their wisdom.

Click here to read the most inspirational Language Learning Quotes!

As legendary President Nelson Mandela once said: “If you talk to a man in a language he understands, that goes to his head. If you talk to him in his own language, that goes to his heart.” So, learning how to say Happy New Year in Norwegian could well be a way into someone special’s heart for you! Let this year be the one where you to learn how to say Happy New Year, and much more, in Norwegian – it could open many and unexpected doors for you.

6. How To Say Happy New Year in 31 Languages

Here’s a lovely bonus for you! Why stop with Norwegian – learn how to say Happy New Year in 31 other languages too! Watch this video and learn how to pronounce these New Year’s wishes like a native in under two minutes.

7. Why Enrolling with NorwegianClass101 Would Be the Perfect New Year’s Gift to Yourself!

If you are unsure how to celebrate the New Year, why not give yourself a huge gift, and enroll to learn Norwegian! With more than 12 years of experience behind us, we know that NorwegianClass101 would be the perfect fit for you. There are so many reasons for this!

Learning Paths

  • Custom-tailored Learning Paths: Start learning Norwegian at the level that you are. We have numerous Learning Pathways, and we tailor them just for you based on your goals and interests! What a boon!
  • Marked Progress and Fresh Learning Material Every Week: We make new lessons available every week, with an option to track your progress. Topics are culturally appropriate and useful, such as “Learning how to deliver negative answers politely to a business partner.” Our aim is to equip you with Norwegian that makes sense!
  • Multiple Learning Tools: Learn in fun, easy ways with resources such 1,000+ video and audio lessons, flashcards, detailed PDF downloads, and mobile apps suitable for multiple devices!
  • Fast Track Learning Option: If you’re serious about fast-tracking your learning, Premium Plus would be the perfect way to go! Enjoy perks such as personalised lessons with ongoing guidance from your own, native-speaking teacher, and one-on-one learning on your mobile app! You will not be alone in your learning. Weekly assignments with non-stop feedback, answers and corrections will ensure speedy progress.
  • Fun and Easy: Keeping the lessons fun and easy-to-learn is our aim, so you will stay motivated by your progress!

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There’s no reason not to go big in 2018 by learning Norwegian with NorwegianClass101. Just imagine how the world can open up for you!

How to Say ‘Merry Christmas’ in Norwegian

How to Say Merry Christmas in Norwegian

Do you know any ways to wish someone a ‘Merry Christmas’ in Norwegian? NorwegianClass101 brings you easy-to-learn translations and the correct pronunciation of Norwegian Christmas phrases!

Christmas is the annual commemorative festival of Christ’s birth in the Western Christian Church. It takes place on December 25th and is usually celebrated with much food and fanfare! However, not all cultures celebrate Christmas. In some countries, Christmas is not even a public holiday! However, many countries have adapted Christmas and its religious meaning to tally with their own beliefs, or simply in acknowledgment of the festival’s importance to other cultures. If you want to impress native Norwegian speakers with culturally-appropriate Christmas phrases and vocabulary, NorwegianClass101 will teach you the most important ways to wish someone a ‘Merry Christmas’ in Norwegian!

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Table of Contents

  1. How to Celebrate Christmas in Norway
  2. Holiday Greetings and Wishes
  3. Must-Know Christmas Day Vocabulary
  4. Twelve Days of Christmas
  5. Top 10 Christmas Characters
  6. How NorwegianClass101 Can Help You

1. How to Celebrate Christmas in Norway

Christmas Words in Norwegian

Christmas Eve. In Norwegian, it’s called juleaften.

In modern Norway, Christmas is celebrated on Christmas Eve, December 24, but back in the old days, Christmas was celebrated according to the Catholic tradition, and Christmas Day was the most important day. Eventually traditions such as putting up Christmas trees, or juletre, and giving gifts, in Norwegian called gave, came to Norway, and now most people enjoy celebrating Christmas on Christmas Eve.

Now, before we get into more detail, do you know the answer to this question-

Do you know what Norwegians put in the Christmas porridge?

If you don’t already know, you’ll find out a bit later. Keep reading.

The Christmas shows on TV are an important part of Christmas morning in many Norwegian homes. Many Norwegians feel that the Christmas spirit is not complete until they have seen the Czech-German fairytale “Three Nuts for Cinderella”, which in Norwegian is called “Tre nøtter til Askepott”, Disney’s Christmas medley, and the Norwegian fairytale “Reisen til Julestjernen” meaning “Journey to the Christmas Star”.

Early in the evening, the entire family gathers to eat Christmas dinner together. Some families eat meat as their main course, while others choose to eat fish. Pork ribs, or ribbe, and lye fish, or lutefisk, are two big Christmas classics. In addition, there are potatoes and sauerkraut to round out the meal. Small shot glasses are set on the table and are filled with akevitt, which means akvavit, a Norwegian spirit made from potatoes. This Aquavit is said to help with the digestion of the rich Christmas food.

At night, people gather in their living rooms to sing Christmas songs while standing in a circle around the Christmas tree. They’ll usually unwrap the gifts that lie under the Christmas tree, and often the youngest person must read the names on the gifts and give them out.

In homes with young children, Santa Claus, or julenissen, will come to visit in the evening with a bag full of gifts. He will always ask the same question: “Have you been nice this year?” And if the kids reply with “yes”, they will receive a gift.

Now it’s time to answer our quiz question-

Do you know what Norwegians put in the Christmas porridge?

The answer is an almond. The person who gets the almond in his or her bowl wins a prize, which is a marzipan pig called “marsipangris”. Many Norwegians try their hardest to get the almond, and end up eating way too much porridge

2. Holiday Greetings and Wishes for the Holiday Season

Holiday Greetings and Wishes

1- Merry Christmas!

God jul!

Do you know how to say ‘Merry Christmas’ in Norwegian? Learn here how to pronounce it perfectly! ‘Merry’ means to be joyful, to celebrate and generally be in good spirits. So, with this phrase you are wishing someone a joyful, celebratory remembrance of Christ’s birth!

2- Happy Kwanzaa!

God Kwanzaa!

Surprise your African-American, or West African native friends with this phrase over the Christmas holidays! Kwanzaa is a seven-day, non-religious celebration, starting on Dec 26th each year. It has its roots in African American modern history, and many people celebrate both Kwanzaa and Christmas!

3- Have a happy New Year!

Ha et godt nytt år!

In countries where Christmas is not officially celebrated, but a Gregorian calendar is observed, this would be a friendly festive-season wish over New Year.

4- Happy Hanukkah!

Gledelig Hanukka!

Hanukkah is the beautiful Hebrew festival over November or December each year. It is also called the ‘Festival of Lights’ and is celebrated to commemorate the Jewish freedom of religion.

5- Have a great winter vacation!

Ha en flott juleferie!

This is a good phrase to keep handy if someone doesn’t observe any religious festival over the Christmas holidays! However, this will only be applicable in the Northern hemisphere, where it is winter over Christmas.

6- See you next year!

Sees neste år!

Going away on holiday over Christmas season, or saying goodbye to someone about to leave on vacation? This would be a good way to say goodbye to your friends and family.

7- Warm wishes!

Varme ønsker!

An informal, friendly phrase to write in Norwegian Christmas cards, especially for secular friends who prefer to observe Christmas celebrations without the religious symbolism. It conveys the warmth of friendship and friendly wishes associated with this time of year.

8- Happy holidays!

God ferie!

If you forget how to say ‘Merry Christmas!’ in Norwegian, this is a safe, generic phrase to use instead.

9- Enjoy the holidays!

Nyt ferien!

After saying ‘Merry Christmas’ in Norwegian, this would be a good phrase with which to wish Christmas holiday-goers well! It is also good to use for secular friends who don’t celebrate Christmas but take a holiday at this time of the year.

10- Best wishes for the New Year!

De beste ønsker for det nye året!

This is another way of wishing someone well in the New Year if they observe a Gregorian calendar. New Year’s day would then fall on January 1st.

3. Must-Know Christmas Day Vocabulary

Must-Know Christmas Day Vocabulary

Christmas is associated with many traditions and religious symbols in multiple countries across the world. It originated centuries ago in the West with the birth of Christianity, and the celebrations are often embedded with rich cultural significance. So, by now you know how to say Merry Christmas in Norwegian! Next, learn pertinent vocabulary and phrases pertaining to Christmas, as well as how to pronounce them correctly. At NorwegianClass101, we make sure you sound like a native speaker!

1- Christmas

jul

This is the Norwegian word for ‘Christmas’. Most happy Christmas wishes in Norwegian will include this word!

2- Snow

snø

In most Northern-hemisphere countries, Christmas is synonymous with snow, and for Christmas, the snowman is often dressed as Santa Claus.

3- Snowflake

snøflak

Snowflakes collectively make up snow. A single snowflake is small, white, light like a feather and icy cold! When put under a microscope, the snowflake reveals itself to have the most beautiful, symmetrical patterns. These patterns have become popular Christmas decorations, especially in Western countries.

4- Snowman

snømann

As you guessed – a snowman is only possible to build if it is snowing! What a fun way to spend Christmas day outside.

5- Turkey

kalkun

Roast turkey is the traditional main dish on thousands of lunch tables on Christmas day, mainly in Western countries. What is your favorite Christmas dish?

6- Wreath

krans

Another traditional Western decoration for Christmas, the wreath is an arrangement of flowers, leaves, or stems fastened in a ring. Many families like to hang a Christmas wreath outside on their houses’ front doors.

7- Reindeer

Reinsdyret Rudolf

Reindeer are the animals commonly fabled to pull Santa Claus’ sled across the sky! Western Christmas folklore tells of Father Christmas or Santa Claus doing the rounds with his sled, carrying Christmas presents for children, and dropping them into houses through the chimney. But who is Santa Claus?

8- Santa Claus

julenisse

Santa Claus is a legendary and jolly figure originating in the Western Christian culture. He is known by many names, but is traditionally depicted as a rotund man wearing a red costume with a pointy hat, and sporting a long, snow-white beard!

9- Elf

alv

An elf is a supernatural creature of folklore with pointy ears, a dainty, humanoid body and a capricious nature. Elves are said to help Santa Claus distribute presents to children over Christmas!

10- Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer

Reinsdyret Rudolf

‘Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer’ is a Christmas song based on an American children’s story book with the same name. Rudolph is one of Santa’s reindeer. The song became more famous than the book, and can still be heard playing in many shopping malls over Christmas time across the globe!

11- North Pole

Nordpolen

The cold North Pole is where Santa Claus is reputed to live with his reindeer!

12- Sled

slede

A sled is a non-motorised land vehicle used to travel over snow in countries where it snows a lot, and is usually pulled by animals such as horses, dogs or reindeer. This one obviously refers to Santa’s sled! Another word for sled is sleigh or sledge.

13- Present

gave

Gift or present giving is synonymous with Christmas Eve and the greatest source of joy for children over this festive time! This tradition signifies that Christ’s birth was a gift to mankind, but not all people who hand out presents over Christmas observe the religious meaning.

14- Bell

bjelle

On Christmas Day, or Christmas Eve, many religious celebrants enjoy going to church for a special sermon and Christmas rituals. The start of the sermon is often announced with bells or a bell, if the church has one. For this reason, the sound of ringing bells is often associated with Christmas Day.

15- Chimney

pipe

The chimney is the entrance Santa Claus uses to deliver children’s presents on Christmas Day, according to folklore! Wonder how the chubby man and his elves stay clean…?!

16- Fireplace

peis

In most countries where it snows, Christmas is synonymous with a fire or burning embers in houses’ fireplaces. Families huddle around its warmth while opening Christmas presents. Also, this is where Santa Claus is reputed to pop out after his journey down the chimney!

17- Christmas Day

Juledag

This is the official day of commemorative celebration of Christ’s birth, and falls each year on December 25.

18- Decoration

dekorasjon

Decorations are the colourful trinkets and posters that make their appearance in shops and homes during the Christmas holiday season in many countries! They give the places a celebratory atmosphere in anticipation of the big Christmas celebration. Typical Christmas decorations include colorful photographs and posters, strings of lights, figurines of Santa Claus and the nativity scene, poinsettia flowers, snowflakes and many more.

19- Stocking

strømpe

According to legend, Santa Claus places children’s presents in a red stocking hanging over the fireplace. This has also become a popular decoration, signifying Christmas.

20- Holly

kristtorn

Holly is a shrub native to the UK, and parts of Europe, Africa and Asia. It is characterised by glossy, spiny-toothed leaves, small, whitish flowers, and red berries. Ironically, its significance for Christmas relates to Christ’s crucifixion and suffering rather than his birth. However, the leaves’ distinctive shape and image have become popular Christmas decorations.

21- Gingerbread house

pepperkakehus

According to legend, the gingerbread house synonymous with Christmas is related to Christ’s birth place, Bethlehem. Bethlehem literally means ‘House of Bread’. Over centuries, it has become a popular treat over Christmas time in many non-religious households as well.

22- Candy cane

polkagris

According to folklore, Christmas candy canes made their appearance first in Germany in the 16th century. A choir master gave children the candy canes to suck on in church in order to keep them quiet during the Christmas sermon! Apparently, the candy is shaped like a cane in remembrance of the shepherds who were the first to visit the baby Jesus. Today, like gingerbread houses, they are still a popular sweet over the festive season!

23- Mistletoe

misteltein

Mistletoe is a parasitic plant that grows on certain trees. In the Middle Ages, it was believed that the mistletoe has magical powers, and could protect a household from evil if hung above a door during December. The belief didn’t last but the habit did, and the mistletoe is another popular Christmas decoration!

4. Twelve Days of Christmas

Twelve Days of Christmas

Wow, you’re doing extremely well! You know how to wish someone a Merry Christmas in Norwegian, and you learned pertinent vocabulary too! The Twelve Days of Christmas is not very well known in modern times, so, you’re on your way to becoming an expert in Christmas traditions and rituals. Well done!

The Twelve Days of Christmas, also known as Twelvetide, is a traditional festive period of 12 days dedicated to celebrate the nativity of Christ. Christmas Day is, for many who observe Twelvetide, the first day of this period.

‘The Twelve Days of Christmas’ is also a popular Christmas song about a series of gifts given on each day of Twelvetide. According to experts, these gifts were created as a coded reference to important symbols in the Christian church. Here is a list of those gifts mentioned in the song! Do you recognise them?

5. Top 10 Christmas Characters in American Culture

Top 10 Christmas Characters

This is fantastic, you know how to explain almost everything about Christmas in Norwegian! However, do you know the most popular Christmas characters in American culture? Your knowledge will not be complete without this list.

6. NorwegianClass101 Is One Of The Best Online Language Schools Available!

Visit NorwegianClass101!

We don’t just say this – we can prove it! Geared to your personal needs and goals, we have several learning paths from which to choose. From Norwegian for Absolute Beginners to Advanced Norwegian, lessons are designed to meet you where you are, and increase your language abilities in fun, easy and interactive lessons! Mastering a new language has never been this easy or enjoyable.

We have over a decade of experience and research behind us, and it shows! With thousands of audio and video lessons, detailed PDF lessons and notes, as well as friendly, knowledgeable hosts, NorwegianClass101 is simply unbeatable when it comes to learning correct Norwegian. Plenty of tools and resources are available when you study with us. New lessons are added every week so material remains fresh and relevant. You also have the option to upgrade and enjoy even more personalised guidance and services. This is a sure way to fast-track your learning!

So, this Christmas, why don’t you give yourself a present and enroll in NorwegianClass101? Or give an enrollment as a present to a loved one. It will be a gift with benefits for a whole lifetime, not just over Christmas!