Vocabulary

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NorwegianClass101.com Verified
Friday at 06:30 PM
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Helen
Thursday at 02:06 AM
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Thank you to Sctld for the info below. My question was going to be about how to use the words in sentences.

NorwegianClass101.com Verified
Wednesday at 08:27 PM
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Hi Sctld,


Thank you for your comment concerning the Norwegian weather.

We do tend to talk a lot about the weather. :roll:


Cheers,

Nora Team NorwegianClass101.com

Sctld
Wednesday at 11:58 PM
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I'm going to organise this summary in a slightly different way to how I've done this before, because unlike previous Learn with Pictures word-lists, this one contains not only special kinds of noun (naming words: frying pan, mountain, house, car, computer), but also another type of word, which I'll explain a bit further down the page.


First, the special nouns:

været - the weather

haglet - the hail

isen - the ice

regnet - the rain

snøen - the snow

tordenværet - the thunder, also simply "torden"; the expression "thunder and lighting" is "lyn og torden"


I've shown the gender for all of these words by putting the word for "the" on the end (here one of -et or -en). This is because the which makes these words special is that you /can't/ put et/en ('a') in front. Just as in English we can't talk about "a rain" or "a snow", so too in Norwegian would be it be wrong to do the same. In fact, just like in English, we can't use any sort of number word (fifteen hails, thirty weathers) at all. Almost all words that are like this in English, act this way in Norwegian, too.


In English if we wanted to use 'a' or a number with these words, then we say things like "a drop of rain", "several claps of thunder", "two weather systems" or "an icicle". I'm not going to o into all the different Norwegian words which are used in this way - the most important thing is to be aware, and you'll learn them all soon enough anyway ;)


overskyet - cloudy

tåkete - foggy, "ei tåke" for "a fog"

solrik - sunny

vindfullt - windy


If you want to talk about the weather using the four words above, then it's really easy. You just use the pattern "Det er ..." - It's ... :

Det er overskyet - It's cloudy

Det er tåkete - It's foggy

Det er solrikt - It's sunny

Det er vindfullt - It's windy


You can't use the same pattern with "snø", "regn", "hegl", etc. Instead, you use a verb:

Det snør - It's snowing

Det regner - It's raining


I don't think I've heard anyone say "vindfullt"; it's more usual to use the verb "å blåse" - to blow:

Det blæs (Det blåser) - It's windy (literally, "It blows")