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Lesson Transcript

Becky: And I’m Becky. Welcome back to NorwegianClass101.com. This is Lower Beginner, Season 1, Lesson 10 - Going for a Drive in the Norwegian Countryside. In this lesson, you’ll learn more about directions
Filip: And how to use ‘til’, which means “to”. The conversation is between Kjersti and Espen, who are on their way to Galdhøpiggen again.
Becky: This time they’re going by car, and it’s a long drive that can get boring.
Filip: Kjersti is a little confused about how to get there.
Becky: Ok, let’s listen to the conversation.
Becky: I’ve heard driving a car or motorbike in Norway can be a nice experience. Some of the country roads are so beautiful they’ll take your breath away!
Filip: Indeed. Norwegians drive on the right side of the road, which is good to remember. What’s also good to know is that as well as some beautiful views, you’ll encounter a lot of roundabouts.
Becky: Yeah, there are a lot of roundabouts in Norway. And also U-turns, if you drive in the mountainous areas.
Filip: Right. The other good thing about driving in Norway is that you can reach places that public transport can’t.
Becky: Public transport is very convenient in Norway, but there are just some places out in the country that are more difficult to get to.
Filip: Anyway, driving yourself means you get to decide when to take breaks and enjoy the scenery around you!
Becky: But you have to be careful to avoid getting lost by taking a wrong turn somewhere, because you could get stuck going in the wrong direction for hours!
Filip: Right, so always bring some navigation device or a map, so you can make sure you know where you are!
Becky: Good advice. Now let’s move on to the vocab.
Becky: Let's have a closer look at the usage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson.
Filip: You might remember ‘tar’ being explained in earlier lessons. ‘Tar’ is a word with a lot of different usages. Take our dialogue, for example. ‘Tar vi til høyre her?’ means...
Becky: “Do we take the right here?”
Filip: Whenever ‘tar’ is at the beginning of a sentence, you have to guess what context it’s in, and what meaning it will have.
Becky: Usually, you can translate any sentence with this word in it as “to take [something]” in English. Just like the translation in our dialogue.
Filip: The second word, ‘Helt’ is also quite hard to explain. It doesn’t have a single direct English equivalent, it has many.
Becky: Like the phrase “All the way”, the words “Wholly” or “fully”, or anything similar to those words.
Filip: It all depends on what context it is put in.
Becky: Let’s look at some examples here.
Filip: Ta litt av denne suppen
Becky: “take some of this soup”
Filip: Tar du femti studiepoeng i år?
Becky: “Are you taking fifty course credits this year?”
Filip: Jeg vet ikke helt hva jeg skal gjøre
Becky: “I don’t know exactly what I should do.”
Filip: Det er helt opp til deg hva du gjør
Becky: “It’s entirely up to you what you do.” Ok, let’s move on to the grammar.

Lesson focus

Filip: In this lesson you’ll learn some common directions, and how to use the word ‘til’, meaning “to”.
Becky: Right, let’s look at some more general directions.
Filip: Ok. ‘Bakover mot’
Becky: Back towards
Filip: Rundt
Becky: Turning around
Filip: Over
Becky: Over
Filip: Under
Becky: Under
Filip: ‘Bortover’ or ‘langsmed’
Becky: Along
Filip: And ‘Mot’
Becky: “Towards.” Now. there’s also the four cardinal directions, and these can come in handy because a lot of place names and maps contains these directions. Filip, if you’d please.
Filip: Nord
Becky: North
Filip: Sør
Becky: South
Filip: Øst
Becky: East
Filip: vest
Becky: West
Becky: If you know these words, you should be able to navigate most directions successfully. Even if you don’t need to ask directions, there’s a lot of signage and explanations in pamphlets that are only in Norwegian. So, being able to understand those is always a plus.
Filip: Now for the use of ‘til’. In our dialogue, you saw a lot of ‘til’. That’s because there’s a lot of different usages for this word.
Becky: It can mean “to”, “until”, and “for”, depending on its context.
Filip: For example, if you were going to Lillehammer you would say ‘jeg skal til Lillehammer’
Becky: “I am going to Lillehammer”
Filip: Or if you are waiting for your friends to arrive, you’d say ‘Jeg venter til vennene mine kommer.’
Becky: “I am waiting until my friends arrive.”
Filip: Finally, if someone asks “who is that present for?” you can respond with ‘Den er til mamma’
Becky: “It’s for my mom”. Great, now the best way to understand the different ways it’s used, is to give some more examples.
Filip: Ok. ‘Kommer du til festen i kveld?’
Becky: “Are you coming to the party tonight?”
Filip: Kjør til venstre, til du ser et hus
Becky: “Drive to the left until you see a house”
Filip: Send denne pakken til Kåre
Becky: ”Send this package to Kåre.”


Filip: And that’s it for this lesson.
Becky: If you’re unsure of anything, please check the lesson notes, and we’ll see you next time.
Filip: Snakkes!
Becky: Bye!